The muscles that allow for this internal rotation of the shoulder from the racket drop position to the contact point are the Subscapularis, Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major and>Pectoralis Major muscles. 2) Pronation of Racket-Arm's Elbow The second noticeable movement that takes place during this second transition of the forward swing is pronation of the racket-arm's elbow.
The racket ends up pointing down toward the ground and you land on the front foot (Figure 1-12b). The racket arm then adducts across your body (Figure 1-12c and 1-12d). The back foot comes forward, landing in the court going toward the net signifying the end of the serve (Figure 1-12d). The muscles that adduct the racket across your body are the Pectoralis Major and Anterior Deltoid.
The 3 major types of serves used in tennis are the flat (limited spin), slice (sidespin), and topspin “kick” serves (Figure 2). It is important to understand the differences in these serves and how they may affect the kinetic chain muscle activation patterns and summation of forces.
muscles dont get all the power into a serve. the technique and the weight transfer into the serve play a big role. but main muscles used in serving would be triceps, forearms, and the general leg muscles for being able to hold your body still during the knee bend
So with that in mind, let’s look at the body muscles you use when playing tennis. The muscles used when playing tennis are: In the lower body: calves, hamstrings, quads, and glutes. In the core: abs, obliques, erector spinae, and latissimus dorsi. In the upper-body: the muscles of your chest, upper back, shoulders, and arms.
More Tennis Serve Muscles images
The aim of this final section of the article will be to discuss and recommend strength and conditioning exercises that train key muscles used during the tennis serve and that would have an impact on improving the players' ability to accelerate and promote explosiveness for optimal serve performance. As has been discussed, these exercises provide a training stimulus for the entire body as the lower body, trunk, and upper extremities all form links within the body's kinetic chain.
The abdominal muscles were more active in the topspin serve than the flat and slice serves during the upward swing of the racquet to impact. These results reinforced the importance of abdominal and low back exercises (core stability) together with the muscles about the shoulder and lower limbs in strength and rehabilitation programmes in tennis.
Stage 5- Acceleration: This phase is important for transitioning into forward movement of the serve. Speed is dependent on the previous four stages. The internal rotators of the shoulder (pec major, lats, subscap) and the trunk muscles are the primary movers in this phase.